The tonsils which are located in the oral cavity on both sides of the tongue root and collecting germs that enter the body from outside, also provide the defense substances in the body.This function of the tonsils, which are more important in early childhood, especially when children recognize germs and where the immune system responds to germs, decreases with age.
In some children, around the age of 4 to 5, the tonsils grow excessively and become a source of infection due to frequent infection.Sometimes, because of their large size, they prevent breathing and eating, and cause nighttime respiratory arrest. In this and the following cases, tonsils should be removed by surgery.
- Tonsillitis, which recurrences more than 3 or 5 times in children per year and more than 2 times in adults,
- Sleep apnea,
- Tonsil abscess,
- Suspected of malignant tonsil tumor,
- Excessive tonsil growth which causes respiratory and swallowing difficulties,
- Chronic tonsillitis, which causes bad breath and swelling of the lymph nodes,
- Chronic tonsillitis in people with heart rheumatism, heart valve inflammation or kidney inflammation,
- Nasal flesh and tonsil growths that disrupt the jaw structure.
Tonsils, removed from the muscle and the cover under general anesthesia, which is opened with a special tool around the mouth.Then, bleeding control is performed and the operation is terminated. Classical techniques such as scissors, scalpel can be used for the removal of tonsils, as well as electrical incineration or similar technologies.