In the case of the deviation of the septum, which is the name given to the compartment that separates both nostrils, is called septoplasty.
Cartilage forms the anterior part of the septum and bone tissue forms the posterior part.If the cartilage and / or bones are displaced to one side of the nasal passage, growth is observed across the side of the slope, called the concha.This structure has the function of heating and humidifying the air.Unilateral or bilateral disorders which are usually related to trauma can be resolved by septoplasty. These include nasal obstruction, unilateral discharge, nosebleeds, frequent recurrent attacks of sinusitis, headache, discharge from the nasal passages, snoring, and apnea in sleep.
In patients with septum deviation, mouth breathing must be performed instead of nose. In this disease, the heating, humidifying and cleaning functions of the air are disabled and the air goes directly into the lungs.Deviations also affect the sense of smell and thus taste. Fatigue and excessive drowsiness occur during the day due to snoring.Bad breath, dry mouth, dental diseases also affect the patient’s life negatively.
Surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia. After the operation performed by entering through the nostrils, no visible scar appears.Although swelling of the face and eyelids does not occur, conventional tampon is not applied and rarely one-day silicone tampon can be used.